How to Identify Arthritis?

Prof. Nikhil Pradhan
how to identify Arthritis

Arthritis is a term used to describe the inflammation of one or more joints in the body, which causes pain, stiffness, and difficulty in movement. It affects people of all ages and can lead to a decreased quality of life if left untreated.

In this blog, we will discuss how to identify arthritis, its symptoms, and its causes.

What is Arthritis:

Arthritis is a condition that affects the joints of the body. Joints are the areas where two or more bones come together. They are designed to provide movement and support to the body. Arthritis can occur in any joint in the body, but it is most found in the hands, feet, knees, hips, and spine.

There are over 100 different types of arthritis, but the most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Symptoms of Arthritis:

The symptoms of arthritis can vary from person to person, and they can also depend on the type of arthritis a person has. However, some common symptoms include:

  • Pain and stiffness in the joints, especially in the morning or after periods of inactivity
  • Swelling, warmth, and redness around the affected joint
  • Limited range of motion and difficulty in movement
  • Tenderness and sensitivity when the joint is touched.
  • Fatigue and a general feeling of malaise
  • Joint deformity in severe cases

Causes of Arthritis:

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of arthritis. Some of the most common causes include:

Genetics: Some types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, have a genetic component, which means that they can be inherited from family members.

Age: As we age, the cartilage in our joints begins to wear down, which can lead to arthritis.

Injury: Joint injuries, such as fractures, dislocations, and ligament tears, can increase the risk of developing arthritis later in life.

Infection: Certain infections can cause arthritis, such as Lyme disease and hepatitis C.

Obesity: Being overweight or obese can put extra stress on the joints, which can lead to arthritis.

How to Identify Arthritis?

If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is important to seek medical attention to determine the cause of your pain and stiffness. To diagnose arthritis, your doctor will perform a physical exam, review your medical history, and may order imaging tests, such as X-rays, MRI scans, or CT scans.

Blood tests may also be ordered to check for inflammation and other markers of arthritis.

Types of Arthritis:

There are several types of arthritis, each with its own causes, symptoms, and treatments. Some of the most common types include:

Osteoarthritis: This type of arthritis is caused by the wear and tear of the cartilage in the joints. It is most found in the hands, hips, knees, and spine.

Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack the joints, leading to inflammation, pain, and stiffness.

Psoriatic arthritis: This type of arthritis is associated with psoriasis, a skin condition. It causes joint pain, stiffness, and swelling.

Gout: This is a type of arthritis that occurs when uric acid crystals accumulate in the joints, leading to severe pain and swelling.

Ankylosing spondylitis: This is a type of arthritis that affects the spine, causing stiffness and pain.

Diagnosing Arthritis

If you are experiencing symptoms of arthritis, it is important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis. Your doctor may perform a physical exam, order blood tests or imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs to diagnose arthritis.

In some cases, your doctor may also perform joint aspiration, which involves removing fluid from the affected joint to test for signs of inflammation.

Managing Arthritis

While there is no cure for arthritis, there are many treatments available to help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the condition.

Some of the most common treatments include:

Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help manage pain and inflammation. Your doctor may also prescribe stronger medications if necessary.

Physical Therapy: Physical therapy can help improve range of motion and strengthen the muscles surrounding the affected joint.

Lifestyle Changes: Eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, and getting regular exercise can all help manage symptoms of arthritis.

Assistive Devices: Assistive devices such as braces or splints can help support the affected joint and reduce pain and inflammation.


Identifying arthritis early is important for managing symptoms and preventing further damage to the joints. If you are experiencing symptoms of arthritis, it is important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. With proper management, many people with arthritis can lead active and fulfilling lives.

Arthritis Treatment Clinic in Cheshire, U.K

If you live in Cheshire and seek urgent medical advice on Arthritis pain recovery, consult Prof. Nikhil Pradhan, FRCS (Trauma and Orth), MCh Orth Liverpool: DNB (Orth); FCPS (Orth); D’Orth MS (Orth), MBBS. He is one of the leading and trusted Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment Doctor in Cheshire. For more details, contact us at any time.

Dr Nikhil pradhan hip surgeon

Prof. Nikhil Pradhan

Prof. Nikhil Pradhan is a specialist Hip & Knee Surgeon, dedicated to Hip and Knee Surgery, including the latest customised and personalised knee surgery.

Prof.Nikhil Pradhan has pioneered the i-assist computerized Total Knee Replacement in the UK having performed the first surgery in the UK and has one of the largest series of i-assist Total Knee Replacements.

Our patient testimonials will give you a good overview of our service.

Please do not hesitate to speak to Chris Davies on 01925710401 if you have an queries.

Prof. Nikhil Pradhan
FRCS (Tr & orth); FRCS (Glag); MCh(orth) MBBS; MS (orth); D’(orth); FCPS (orth); DNB (orth) Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Warrington hospital Clinical Orthopaedic Research Group, Wrightington hospital.