Arthritis: Symptoms, Causes, Types & Treatment

Prof. Nikhil Pradhan
Arthritis Symptoms and treatments

Arthritis is a condition that affects the joints, causing pain, inflammation, and stiffness. It can significantly impact a person’s quality of life and mobility.

There are various types of arthritis, each with its own causes and symptoms. Seeking proper treatment, including the expertise of an orthopedic surgeon, is crucial for managing arthritis effectively, especially in the Cheshire area.

What is Arthritis & What Causes it?

Arthritis refers to the inflammation of one or more joints in the body. The most common forms of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, and juvenile arthritis. Arthritis can occur due to a combination of factors, including:

Age: As people get older, the risk of developing arthritis increases.

Genetics: Certain genes can make individuals more susceptible to developing arthritis.

Joint injuries: Previous injuries or trauma to the joints can lead to the development of arthritis later in life.

Autoimmune disorders: In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system mistakenly attacks the joints, causing inflammation.

Types of Arthritis


Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, primarily affecting the elderly. It occurs when the cartilage that cushions the joints wears down over time, leading to bone-on-bone contact. Common symptoms include joint pain, stiffness, and limited range of motion.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks the synovium (the lining of the joints), causing inflammation. It can affect multiple joints and may result in systemic symptoms like fatigue, fever, and weight loss.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is associated with the skin condition psoriasis. In addition to joint inflammation, individuals may experience skin symptoms such as red, scaly patches. Joint pain, swelling, and stiffness are common manifestations of this type of arthritis.


Gout is caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, leading to sudden and intense pain, often in the big toe. It typically occurs in episodes known as gout attacks and can be triggered by factors such as diet and lifestyle choices.

Juvenile Arthritis

Juvenile arthritis refers to arthritis that affects children under the age of 16. It encompasses several subtypes, and symptoms can vary from joint swelling and pain to systemic manifestations, including fever and rash.

Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for minimizing long-term effects on growth and development.

Symptoms of Arthritis

The symptoms of arthritis can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition.

However, common signs and symptoms include:

  1. Joint pain and tenderness
  2. Swelling and redness in the affected joints
  3. Stiffness, especially after periods of rest
  4. Reduced range of motion and difficulty performing daily activities
  5. Fatigue and a general feeling of discomfort

Arthritis Treatment in Cheshire

In Cheshire, individuals experiencing arthritis can benefit from specialized treatment options offered by orthopedic surgeons like Prof Nikhil Pradhan. As an expert in the field, Prof Pradhan provides comprehensive arthritis care, including:

Orthopaedic Surgeon in Cheshire

Prof Nikhil Pradhan is an experienced orthopedic surgeon in Cheshire with expertise in treating various forms of arthritis. His specialized knowledge and skills ensure that patients receive personalized care and effective treatment options tailored to their specific needs.


Medications are often prescribed to manage arthritis symptoms and slow disease progression. Pain relievers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and biologic response modifiers are commonly used to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and improve joint function.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy plays a vital role in arthritis treatment. Prof Pradhan may recommend specific exercises and therapies to strengthen the muscles surrounding the affected joints, improve flexibility, and enhance overall mobility. Range of motion exercises and joint protection techniques are also taught to help individuals manage their symptoms.

Assistive Devices

To provide support and alleviate pain, assistive devices such as splints, braces, and supports may be recommended. These devices help stabilize the joints, reduce pressure, and improve mobility and function.

Lifestyle Modifications

Making certain lifestyle changes can have a significant impact on managing arthritis symptoms. Prof Nikhil Pradhan may advise individuals to maintain a healthy weight to reduce stress on the joints.

Regular exercise and physical activity tailored to individual capabilities are encouraged to improve joint flexibility, strengthen muscles, and enhance overall well-being. Additionally, adopting a nutritious diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods may help reduce inflammation and manage symptoms.

Surgical Intervention

In some cases where conservative treatments do not provide adequate relief, surgical intervention may be considered. Joint replacement surgery, such as knee or hip replacement, can be an effective option for individuals with severe joint damage.

Prof Pradhan’s expertise in surgical techniques ensures the highest level of care and optimal outcomes for patients requiring surgical treatment.


Arthritis is a complex condition that can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life. Understanding the different types of arthritis, recognizing the symptoms, and seeking appropriate treatment are crucial steps towards managing the condition effectively.

In Cheshire, individuals can benefit from the expertise of Prof Nikhil Pradhan, an orthopedic surgeon specializing in arthritis treatment.

Through a combination of medications, physical therapy, assistive devices, lifestyle modifications, and surgical interventions when necessary, Prof Nikhil Pradhan provides comprehensive care to help individuals overcome the challenges posed by arthritis and regain their mobility and overall well-being.

If you are in Cheshire and seeking arthritis treatment, consult with Prof Nikhil Pradhan for personalized care and effective management of your arthritis symptoms.

Dr Nikhil pradhan hip surgeon

Prof. Nikhil Pradhan

Prof. Nikhil Pradhan is a specialist Hip & Knee Surgeon, dedicated to Hip and Knee Surgery, including the latest customised and personalised knee surgery.

Prof.Nikhil Pradhan has pioneered the i-assist computerized Total Knee Replacement in the UK having performed the first surgery in the UK and has one of the largest series of i-assist Total Knee Replacements.

Our patient testimonials will give you a good overview of our service.

Please do not hesitate to speak to Chris Davies on 01925710401 if you have an queries.

Prof. Nikhil Pradhan
FRCS (Tr & orth); FRCS (Glag); MCh(orth) MBBS; MS (orth); D’(orth); FCPS (orth); DNB (orth) Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Warrington hospital Clinical Orthopaedic Research Group, Wrightington hospital.